UL 1647
Standard for Motor-Operated Massage and Exercise Machines

DETAILS
Edition Number:6SCC Approved:--
Edition Date:2015-08-03DOD Approved: --
Price Code:DANSI Approved: 2016-11-18
Type:ulstd

  • SCOPE

    1 Scope

    1.1 These requirements cover motor-operated massage and exercise machines, such as vibrators, exercise bicycles, vibrating and massaging chairs, and the like, are to be employed in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70.

    1.2 These requirements also cover massage and exercise machines such as vibrators in which motion of an operating part is produced by electrical means.

    1.3 These requirements also cover portable motor-operated massage type footbaths that may employ a heating function.

    1.4 These requirements do not cover appliances rated more than 250 V.

    1.5 These requirements do not cover footbaths without a motor-operated massage type function.

    1.6 These requirements also cover motorized and non-motorized inversion tables.

    1.7 These requirements do not cover portable cord-connected hydromassage units that are intended for placement on the side of a bathtub. These type of appliances are covered by the Standard for Personal Hygiene and Health Care Appliances, UL 1431.

    1.8 These requirements do not cover pedicure spas intended for use in salons and similar commercial establishments. These type of appliances are covered by the Standard for Electric Plumbing Accessories, UL 1951. A massage or exercise device that includes a pedicure spa as part of the overall product (ie; massage chair with pedicure spa at base) shall be evaluated using the requirements of UL 1951, plus the applicable requirements of UL 1647 as related to the portion(s) of the device that provide massage and/or exercise functions.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
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    • Cover
    • Transmittal
    • Table of Contents
      • Body
        • INTRODUCTION
          • 1 Scope
          • 2 Units of Measurement
          • 3 Undated References
          • 4 Glossary
        • CONSTRUCTION
          • 5 Components
            • 5.1 General
            • 5.2 Attachment plugs, receptacles, connectors, and terminals
            • 5.3 Batteries and battery chargers
            • 5.4 Boxes and raceways
            • 5.5 Capacitors and filters
            • 5.6 Controls
            • 5.7 Cords, cables, and internal wiring
            • 5.8 Cord reels
            • 5.9 Film-coated wire (magnet wire)
            • 5.10 Gaskets and seals
            • 5.11 Ground-fault, arc-fault, and leakage current detectors/interrupters
            • 5.12 Heaters, heating elements and pads
            • 5.13 Insulation systems
            • 5.14 Light sources and associated components
            • 5.15 Marking and labeling systems
            • 5.16 Motors and motor overload protection
            • 5.17 Overcurrent protection
            • 5.18 Polymeric materials and enclosures
            • 5.19 Power supplies
            • 5.20 Printed wiring boards
            • 5.21 Semiconductors and small electronic components
            • 5.22 Supplemental insulation, insulating bushings, and assembly aids
            • 5.23 Switches
            • 5.24 Transformers
            • 5.25 Valves (electrically operated) and solenoids
            • 5.26 Video and audio components
          • 6 General
          • 7 Frame and Enclosure
            • 7.1 General
            • 7.2 Polymeric material enclosure
            • 7.3 Motion simulation appliances
          • 8 Adhesives Used to Secure Parts
          • 9 Mechanical Assembly
          • 10 Mechanical Securement of Fluid-Handling Tubing
          • 11 Protection Against Corrosion
          • 12 Accessibility of Uninsulated Live Parts and Film-Coated Wire
          • 13 Supply Connections
            • 13.1 Cord-connected appliances
            • 13.2 Permanently connected appliances
          • 14 Current-Carrying Parts
          • 15 Electrical Insulation
          • 16 Internal Wiring
            • 16.1 Mechanical protection
            • 16.2 Splices and connections
          • 17 Separation of Circuits
          • 18 Capacitors
          • 19 Grounding
            • 19.1 General
            • 19.2 Grounding identification
          • 20 Heating Elements and Heating Wire
          • 21 Lampholders
          • 22 Motors
            • 22.1 Construction
            • 22.2 Overload protection
            • 22.3 Insulation systems
          • 23 Overload- or Thermal-Protective Devices
          • 24 Arc-Fault, and Leakage Current Detectors/Interrupters
          • 25 Receptacles
          • 26 Switches and Controls
          • 27 Controls – End Product Test Parameters
            • 27.1 General
            • 27.2 Auxiliary controls
            • 27.3 Operating controls (regulating controls)
            • 27.4 Protective controls (limiting controls)
            • 27.5 Controls using a temperature sensing device
          • 28 Attachments
          • 29 Spacings
            • 29.1 General
            • 29.2 Spacings to polymeric enclosures
            • 29.3 Spacings on printed wiring boards
            • 29.4 Spacings in Class 2 circuits
          • 30 Class 2 Power Units or Power Supplies
          • 31 Primary Lithium Batteries
        • PROTECTION AGAINST INJURY TO PERSONS
          • 32 General
          • 33 Sharp Edges
          • 34 Enclosures and Guards
          • 35 Materials
          • 36 Rotating or Moving Members
          • 37 Switches, Controls, and Interlocks
          • 38 Stability Test
          • 39 Markings
          • 40 Treadmills
            • 40.1 Switches and controls
            • 40.2 Emergency stop switch
            • 40.3 Treadmill belt speed and acceleration rates
            • 40.4 Abnormal operation – electronic components test
          • 41 Inversion Tables
            • 41.1 General
            • 41.2 Mechanical strength – static load
            • 41.3 Impact tests on end stops
            • 41.4 Stability
            • 41.5 Inversion table endurance
            • 41.6 Ankle clamping system endurance
          • 42 Dog Treadmills
            • 42.1 Switches and controls
            • 42.2 Emergency stop switch
            • 42.3 Electronic components
            • 42.4 Dog treadmill storage
          • 43 Motion Simulation Appliances
            • 43.1 Enclosures and guards
            • 43.2 Controls and safety circuits
            • 43.3 Stability test
            • 43.4 Mechanical strength (proof load) tests
        • PERFORMANCE
          • 44 General
          • 45 Leakage-Current Test
          • 46 Leakage Current Following Humidity Conditioning
          • 47 Starting-Current Test
          • 48 Input Test
          • 49 Temperature Test
            • 49.1 General
            • 49.2 Maximum normal load
          • 50 Surface Temperatures
          • 51 Surface-Temperature Test
          • 52 Dielectric Voltage-Withstand Test
          • 53 Resistance to Moisture Test
          • 54 Resistance to Moisture Tests for Massage Type Footbaths
            • 54.1 General
            • 54.2 Standing overfill
            • 54.3 Tipover
            • 54.4 Spill
          • 55 Flooding of Live Parts Test
          • 56 Fluid-Handling Tubing Tests
          • 57 Backflow Prevention Test
          • 58 Switch and Control Test
          • 59 Thermostat Test
            • 59.1 General
            • 59.2 Original calibration
            • 59.3 Overload
            • 59.4 Endurance
            • 59.5 Recalibration
          • 60 Strain-Relief Test
          • 61 Strain-Relief Clamp Test
          • 62 Flexing and Twisting Test
            • 62.1 Flexing
            • 62.2 Twisting
          • 63 Operational Test
          • 64 Abnormal-Operation Test
            • 64.1 General
            • 64.2 Electronic components
            • 64.3 Agility trainers
          • 65 Permanence of Marking Test
          • 66 Polymeric Enclosure Tests
            • 66.1 Mold stress-relief distortion
            • 66.2 Impact
            • 66.3 Drop impact
            • 66.4 Ball impact
            • 66.5 Strain-relief after mold stress-relief distortion
            • 66.6 Abnormal operation
            • 66.7 Crushing resistance
            • 66.8 Thermal aging
          • 67 Polymeric Materials Used as Structural Support
          • 68 End-Product Arc Resistance
          • 69 Abnormal Overload Test
          • 70 Shiatsu-Type Massager Entrapment Test
          • 71 Emergency Stop Switch Endurance Test
            • 71.1 Push-button type switch
            • 71.2 Pull-cord type switch system
          • 72 Treadmill Belt Speed Test
            • 72.1 Maximum initial starting speed
            • 72.2 Maximum acceleration
          • 73 Dog Treadmill – Safety Key Control Test
          • 74 Solenoids
          • 75 General Purpose Transformers
            • 75.1 General
            • 75.2 Voltage measurement test
            • 75.3 Overload test
            • 75.4 Repeated dielectric voltage-withstand test
          • 76 Thermoplastic Motor Insulation Systems
            • 76.1 General
            • 76.2 Abnormal conditioning
            • 76.3 Overload-burnout conditioning
            • 76.4 Thermal aging test
          • 77 Treadmills – Interoperability
        • MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION TESTS
          • 78 Dielectric Voltage-Withstand Test
          • 79 Grounding-Continuity Test
        • RATING
          • 80 Details
        • MARKING
          • 81 Details
            • 81.1 General
            • 81.2 Permanently connected appliances
            • 81.3 Components
            • 81.4 Appliances with heating pads
            • 81.5 Treadmills
            • 81.6 Massage type footbaths
            • 81.7 Inversion tables
            • 81.8 Dog treadmills
            • 81.9 Agility trainers
            • 81.10 Exercise Machines, Including Treadmills
            • 81.11 Motion Simulation Appliances
        • INSTRUCTION MANUAL
          • 82 General
          • 83 Instructions Pertaining to a Risk of Fire, Electric Shock, or Injury to Persons
          • 84 Operating Instructions
          • 85 User-Maintenance Instructions
          • 86 Grounding/Double Insulation Instructions