UL 1018
Standard for Electric Aquarium Equipment

DETAILS
Edition Number:6SCC Approved:--
Edition Date:2011-04-29DOD Approved: --
Price Code:CANSI Approved: --
Type:ulstd

  • SCOPE

    1 Scope

    1.1 These requirements cover commercial and household electric equipment for use on or in aquariums in indoor locations at 300 volts or less, in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, such as heaters, pumps, filters, aerators, reflectors, hoods, electrically wired stands, and similar equipment.

    1.2 These requirements do not cover:

    a)    Illuminators or stands not specifically intended for use with aquariums or

    b)    Aquarium tanks except when part of the tank acts as enclosure or water barrier for fittings, such as, but not limited to, filter, heating, or UV units that are integrated into the base or wall of the aquarium tank.

    1.3 Aquarium equipment involving tungsten-halogen or high intensity discharge lamps shall comply with the additional applicable requirements specified in the Standard for Portable Electric Luminaires, UL 153.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Expand All

    • Cover
    • Transmittal
    • Table of Contents
      • Body
        • INTRODUCTION
          • 1 Scope
          • 2 Units of Measurement
          • 3 Undated References
          • 4 Glossary
        • CONSTRUCTION
          • 5 Frame and Enclosure
            • 5.1 General
            • 5.2 Thickness of metal
            • 5.3 Barriers
            • 5.4 Polymeric material
          • 6 Component Specifications
            • 6.1 General
            • 6.2 Attachment plugs, receptacles, connectors, and terminals
            • 6.3 Batteries and battery chargers
            • 6.4 Boxes and raceways
            • 6.5 Capacitors and filters
            • 6.6 Controls
            • 6.7 Cords, cables, and internal wiring
            • 6.8 Cord reels
            • 6.9 Film-coated wire (magnet wire)
            • 6.10 Gaskets and seals
            • 6.11 Ground-fault, arc-fault, and leakage current Detectors/Interrupters
            • 6.12 Heaters and heating elements
            • 6.13 Insulation systems
            • 6.14 Light sources and associated components
            • 6.15 Marking and labeling systems
            • 6.16 Motors and motor overload protection
            • 6.17 Overcurrent protection
            • 6.18 Polymeric materials and enclosures
            • 6.19 Power supplies
            • 6.20 Printed wiring boards
            • 6.21 Semiconductors and small electronic components
            • 6.22 Supplemental insulation, insulating bushings, and assembly aids
            • 6.23 Switches
            • 6.24 Transformers
            • 6.25 Valves (electrically operated) and solenoids
          • 7 Mechanical Assembly
          • 8 Accessibility of Live Parts
          • 9 Protection Against Corrosion
          • 10 Supply Connections
            • 10.1 Cord-connected appliances
            • 10.2 Multiple power supply cords
            • 10.3 Permanently-connected appliances
          • 11 Strain Relief
          • 12 Bushings
          • 13 Grounding
            • 13.1 General
            • 13.2 Identification
          • 14 Internal Wiring
            • 14.1 General
            • 14.2 Aluminum conductors – termination
            • 14.3 Protection of wiring
            • 14.4 Polarity
          • 15 Splices
          • 16 Current-Carrying Parts
          • 17 Separation of Circuits
            • 17.1 General
            • 17.2 Barriers
          • 18 Insulating Material
          • 19 Interconnecting Cords and Cables
          • 20 Motors
            • 20.1 General
            • 20.2 Overload protection
            • 20.3 Insulation systems
          • 21 Overcurrent Protective Devices
          • 22 Spacings
          • 23 Alternate Spacings – Clearances and Creepage Distances
          • 24 Antisiphoning
          • 25 Reduction of Risk of Injury to Persons
            • 25.1 General
            • 25.2 Sharp edges
            • 25.3 Switches, controls, interlocks
            • 25.4 Materials
            • 25.5 Rotating or moving members
          • 26 Switches and Controllers
          • 27 Controls – End Product Test Parameters
            • 27.1 General
            • 27.2 Auxiliary controls
            • 27.3 Operating controls (regulating controls)
            • 27.4 Protective controls (limiting controls)
            • 27.5 Controls using a temperature sensing device
          • 28 Lampholders
          • 29 Capacitors
          • 30 Electronic Control Equipment
          • 31 Printed Wiring Boards
            • 31.1 General
            • 31.2 Spacings on printed wiring boards
          • 32 Thermostats
          • 33 Fusible Links
          • 34 Rectifiers
          • 35 Heating Elements
          • 36 Attachments
        • PERFORMANCE
          • 37 General
          • 38 Leakage Current Test
          • 39 Insulation Resistance Test
          • 40 Input Test
          • 41 Normal Temperature Test
            • 41.1 General
            • 41.2 Maximum normal load
            • 41.3 Immersible heaters
            • 41.4 Water pumps
            • 41.5 Air pumps
            • 41.6 Aquarium stands
            • 41.7 Reflectors
            • 41.8 Test voltages
            • 41.9 Other test requirements
          • 42 Dielectric Voltage-Withstand Test
            • 42.1 General
            • 42.2 Secondary circuits
          • 43 Grounding Continuity Test
          • 44 Repeated Leakage Test and Dielectric Test (After Conditioning)
          • 45 Repeated Leakage Measurement Test – Heaters
          • 46 Abnormal Operation Test
            • 46.1 General
            • 46.2 Heater-motor combinations
            • 46.3 Immersible heaters
            • 46.4 Motors and protectors
            • 46.5 Electronic components
          • 47 Mechanical Abuse Test – Immersible Heaters
            • 47.1 General
            • 47.2 Results
            • 47.3 Pull and torque
          • 48 Immersion Test
          • 49 Aquarium Stands or Shelves Test
            • 49.1 Overflow (all types)
            • 49.2 Glass breakage (all types)
            • 49.3 Stability (free standing units)
            • 49.4 Mounting means (units intended for wall or ceiling mounting)
          • 50 Strain Relief Test
          • 51 Flooding of Live Parts Test
          • 52 Air Pump Antisiphoning Test
          • 53 Mechanical Abuse Test on Glass Used in Applications Other Than Immersible Heaters
          • 54 Switches and Controls Test
            • 54.1 Overload
            • 54.2 Locked rotor motor overload
          • 55 Thermostats, Fusible Links, and Protective Devices Tests
            • 55.1 Thermostats
            • 55.2 Fusible links
            • 55.3 Motor protectors – short circuit
          • 56 Aquarium Appliance Pull Test
          • 57 Aging Test on Seal Materials
          • 58 Resistance to Salt Spray Test
          • 59 Resistance to Overflow Test
          • 60 Permanence of Adhesion Test
          • 61 Solenoids
          • 62 General Purpose Transformers
            • 62.1 General
            • 62.2 Voltage measurement test
            • 62.3 Overload test
            • 62.4 Repeated dielectric voltage-withstand test
          • 63 Thermoplastic Motor Insulation Systems
            • 63.1 General
            • 63.2 Abnormal conditioning
            • 63.3 Overload-burnout conditioning
            • 63.4 Induced potential
        • MANUFACTURING AND PRODUCTION-LINE TESTS
          • 64 Production-Line Dielectric Voltage-Withstand Test
          • 65 Production-Line Grounding Continuity Test
        • RATINGS
          • 66 General
        • MARKINGS
          • 67 Identification and Ratings
          • 68 Cautionary and Warning Markings
            • 68.1 General
            • 68.2 Permanently-connected equipment
          • 69 Permanence of Markings
          • 70 Instruction Manual
            • 70.1 General
            • 70.2 Safety instructions
            • 70.3 Installation instructions
            • 70.4 Grounding instructions
            • 70.5 Operation and maintenance
        • AQUARIUM SUBMERSIBLE LUMINAIRES AND FITTINGS
          • INTRODUCTION
          • 71 General
          • CONSTRUCTION
          • 72 Water Barriers
          • 73 Immersed Low Voltage Cable
          • PERFORMANCE
          • 74 Temperature Test
          • 75 Water Leakage
          • 76 Water Barrier Impact
          • 77 Repeated Leakage Measurement Test – Immersible Luminaries
          • MARKING
          • 78 General
          • INSTRUCTIONS
          • 79 Installation Instructions
        • APPLIANCES GENERATING ULTRAVIOLET (UV) RADIATION
          • INTRODUCTION
          • 80 General
          • CONSTRUCTION
          • 81 General
          • 82 Protection against injury to persons
            • 82.1 Protection from overexposure to ultraviolet radiation
            • 82.2 Protection from ozone emissions
            • 82.3 Glass covers and guards
          • PERFORMANCE
          • 83 Ultraviolet Irradiance Test
          • 84 Ozone Test
          • MARKINGS
          • 85 General
          • INSTRUCTIONS
          • 86 General