UL 3100
Outline of Investigation for Automated Guides Vehicles (AGVs)

DETAILS
Edition Number:1SCC Approved:--
Edition Date:2018-03-20DOD Approved: --
Price Code:AANSI Approved: --
Type:outline

  • SCOPE

    1 Scope

    1.1 These requirements cover battery-operated automated guided vehicles (AGVs) that are intended to be used indoors in a commercial or industrial environment. The AGVs covered by this Outline include Industrial Truck AGVs (inherently load bearing), load bearing service AGVs, and non-load bearing service AGVs, as defined within this outline. Industrial truck AGVs are intended to be used in accordance with 1.2 and all AGVs shall be used in accordance with 1.3. The AGV is battery powered using either lead acid batteries or lithium ion based batteries that are charged through a conductive system while either on board or off board the vehicle.

    1.2 The Industrial Truck AGV is intended to be used and installed in accordance with both the Safety Standard for Driverless, Automatic Guided Industrial Vehicles and Automated Functions of Manned Industrial Vehicles, ANSI/ITSDF B56.5-2012, and in accordance with the Safety Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks Including Type Designations, Areas of Use, Conversions, Maintenance, and Operations, NFPA 505.

    1.3 Portions of an AGV system, such as the charger, that are located off board the AGV, are intended to be installed in accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC), NFPA 70.

    1.4 This outline will indicate all requirements for battery powered AGVs and peripheral systems including the specific charging device intended to be used with the AGV.

    1.5 This Outline does not include requirements for AGVs that function as people movers. Requirements for these devices are under consideration and may be included as part of a future revision.

    1.6 This outline does not include requirements for industrial robots, which are covered under the Standard for Robots and Robotic Equipment, UL 1740.

    1.7 This Outline does not include requirements for AGVs that function as commercial and industrial floor cleaning equipment. This equipment is covered under ANSI C22.2 No. 336,  Particular Requirements for Rechargeable Battery-Operated Commercial Robotic Floor Treatment Machines with Traction Drives.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Expand All

    • Outline Title Page
    • Table of Contents
      • Body
        • INTRODUCTION
          • 1 Scope
          • 2 Components
          • 3 Units of Measurement
          • 4 Undated References
          • 5 Glossary
        • CONSTRUCTION
          • 6 General
          • 7 Battery and Battery Management Systems
            • 7.1 General
            • 7.2 Lithium based batteries
            • 7.3 Lead acid batteries
          • 8 Chargers
          • 9 Transformers
          • 10 Printed Wiring Boards
          • 11 Sensors and Controls
          • 12 Lasers
          • 13 Lamps / Horns / Alarms / Indicators
          • 14 Object Detection and Avoidance
          • 15 Brakes and Braking Distance
          • 16 Ramp/Slope Operation
          • 17 Protection Circuits and System Safety Analysis
          • 18 Open Bus Bar Connection Systems
          • 19 Parts Subject to Pressure
        • INDUSTRIAL TRUCK BASED AGVs
          • 20 Load Handling Device
          • 21 Towing / Load Capacity
        • SERVICE AGVs
          • 22 Enclosure of Hazardous Live Parts and Moving Parts
            • 22.1 General
            • 22.2 Materials
            • 22.3 Openings
            • 22.4 Doors / Covers / Windows
            • 22.5 Battery Compartments/Enclosures
          • 23 Accessibility
          • 24 Internal Wiring
          • 25 Current Carrying Parts
          • 26 Connections (Battery to AGV, Battery to Charger, AGV to Charger)
          • 27 Fuses
          • 28 Flammability
          • 29 LVLE
          • 30 Spacings and Separation of Circuits
            • 30.1 General
            • 30.2 LVLE Circuits
            • 30.3 Other than safety circuits
            • 30.4 Separation of circuits
        • PERFORMANCE
          • ALL PRODUCTS
          • 31 General
          • 32 Power Rating Verification Test
          • 33 Temperature Test
            • 33.1 General
            • 33.2 AGVs with non-removable batteries
            • 33.3 AGVs with removable batteries
          • 34 Dielectric Strength Test
          • 35 Mold Stress Test
          • 36 Abnormal Operations
            • 36.1 General
            • 36.2 Component faults
            • 36.3 Relay and solenoid burnout
            • 36.4 Disconnected fan and blocked ventilation
            • 36.5 Motor overload
            • 36.6 Motor locked rotor
            • 36.7 Overcharge test
            • 36.8 Short circuit test
            • 36.9 Imbalanced charging test
            • 36.10 Vibration test
            • 36.11 Shock test
          • 37 Power Loss/Power Restoration
          • 38 Impact Test
          • 39 Brake Test
          • 40 Stability Test
          • 41 Lifting Means Loading Test
          • 42 Bumper Activation Test
          • 43 Endurance of Battery Connectors
          • INDUSTRIAL TRUCK BASED AGVs AND LOAD BEARING SERVICE AGVs
          • 44 Hydrostatic Strength Test
          • 45 Endurance of Actuator Stop Means
          • 46 Gripper Test
        • MARKING
          • 47 General
          • 48 Identification
          • 49 Caution
        • INSTRUCTIONS
          • 50 General
          • 51 Installation Instructions
          • 52 Maintenance Instructions
          • 53 Operating Instructions