UL 3100
Outline of Investigation for Automated Mobile Platforms (AMPs)

DETAILS
Edition Number:2SCC Approved:--
Edition Date:2020-02-04DOD Approved: --
Price Code:AANSI Approved: --
Type:outline

  • SCOPE

    1 Scope

    1.1 These requirements cover battery-operated mobile platforms with or without a payload, as specified in 1.2. These devices are intended to be used indoors in a commercial or industrial environment. The device is battery powered using either lead acid batteries or lithium based batteries that, if rechargeable, are charged through a conductive system while either on board or off board the device.

    1.2 Mobile platforms that are covered by this Outline are intended to be for lifting, carrying, product picking, towing, and the like. The actuator may be provided with a gripping attachment, suction attachment, scope attachment, and the like, to lift or carry the load.

    1.3 Portions of a system, such as the charger, that are located off board the AMP, are intended to be installed in accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC), NFPA 70.

    1.4 This outline does not include requirements for industrial robots, which are covered under the Standard for Robots and Robotic Equipment, UL 1740. A robotic manipulator that is in compliance with these standards may be used as the payload for the integrated system.

    1.5 This outline does not include requirements for Automatic Guided Vehicle or Automated Vehicles that function as commercial and industrial floor cleaning equipment. This equipment is covered under ANSI C22.2 No. 336, Particular Requirements for Rechargeable Battery-Operated Commercial Robotic Floor Treatment Machines with Traction Drives.

    1.6 This outline does not cover battery powered industrial trucks that are rated Type E, EE, ES, or EX, and marked as such, as defined in NFPA 505. These truck types are covered under the Standard for Electric-Battery-Powered Industrial Trucks, UL 583.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Expand All

    • Outline Title Page
    • Table of Contents
      • Body
        • INTRODUCTION
          • 1 Scope
          • 2 Components
          • 3 Units of Measurement
          • 4 Undated References
          • 5 Glossary
        • CONSTRUCTION
          • 6 General
          • 7 Battery and Battery Management Systems
            • 7.1 General
            • 7.2 Lithium based batteries
            • 7.3 Lead acid batteries
          • 8 Chargers
          • 9 Transformers
          • 10 Printed Wiring Boards
          • 11 Sensors and Controls
          • 12 Lasers
          • 13 Lamps / Horns / Alarms / Indicators
          • 14 Object Detection and Avoidance
          • 15 Brakes and Braking Distance
          • 16 Ramp/Slope Operation
          • 17 Protection Circuits and System Safety Analysis
          • 18 Open Bus Bar Connection Systems
          • 19 Parts Subject to Pressure
        • INDUSTRIAL TRUCK BASED AGVs
          • 20 Load Handling Device
          • 21 Towing / Load Capacity
        • SERVICE AGVs
          • 22 Enclosure of Hazardous Live Parts and Moving Parts
            • 22.1 General
            • 22.2 Materials
            • 22.3 Openings
            • 22.4 Doors / Covers / Windows
            • 22.5 Battery Compartments/Enclosures
          • 23 Accessibility
          • 24 Internal Wiring
          • 25 Current Carrying Parts
          • 26 Connections (Battery to AGV, Battery to Charger, AGV to Charger)
          • 27 Fuses
          • 28 Flammability
          • 29 LVLE
          • 30 Spacings and Separation of Circuits
            • 30.1 General
            • 30.2 LVLE Circuits
            • 30.3 Other than safety circuits
            • 30.4 Separation of circuits
        • PERFORMANCE
          • ALL PRODUCTS
          • 31 General
          • 32 Power Rating Verification Test
          • 33 Temperature Test
            • 33.1 General
            • 33.2 AGVs with non-removable batteries
            • 33.3 AGVs with removable batteries
          • 34 Dielectric Strength Test
          • 35 Mold Stress Test
          • 36 Abnormal Operations
            • 36.1 General
            • 36.2 Component faults
            • 36.3 Relay and solenoid burnout
            • 36.4 Disconnected fan and blocked ventilation
            • 36.5 Motor overload
            • 36.6 Motor locked rotor
            • 36.7 Overcharge test
            • 36.8 Short circuit test
            • 36.9 Imbalanced charging test
            • 36.10 Vibration test
            • 36.11 Shock test
          • 37 Power Loss/Power Restoration
          • 38 Impact Test
          • 39 Brake Test
          • 40 Stability Test
          • 41 Lifting Means Loading Test
          • 42 Bumper Activation Test
          • 43 Endurance of Battery Connectors
          • INDUSTRIAL TRUCK BASED AGVs AND LOAD BEARING SERVICE AGVs
          • 44 Hydrostatic Strength Test
          • 45 Endurance of Actuator Stop Means
          • 46 Gripper Test
        • MARKING
          • 47 General
          • 48 Identification
          • 49 Caution
        • INSTRUCTIONS
          • 50 General
          • 51 Installation Instructions
          • 52 Maintenance Instructions
          • 53 Operating Instructions