UL 2849
Outline of Investigation for Electric Bicycles, Electrically Power Assisted Cycles (EPAC Bicycles), Electric Scooters, and Electric Motorcycles

DETAILS
Edition Number:3SCC Approved:--
Edition Date:2016-11-11DOD Approved: --
Price Code:AANSI Approved: --
Type:outline

  • SCOPE

    1 Scope

    1.1 This Outline covers the electrical systems of eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles. EBikes are defined as both Pedalec (pedal assist) and non-Pedalec types. Electric scooters and electric motorcycles are intended for over the road use.

    1.2 This Outline covers the on board electrical system, vehicle systems (which includes the combination of chargers and batteries) of eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles. When the battery is charged while integrated in the vehicle, the charging function is included in the scope of this Outline. If the battery is removed from the vehicle for charging, then the charging function is outside the scope of this Outline, however, the requirements for the charger still apply.

    1.3 This Outline does not cover any other electrically powered vehicle other than eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles, as defined within this document. Electrically powered scooters that are not intended for road use and are intended for personal mobility are covered under the Standard for Electrical Systems for Personal E-Mobility Devices, UL 2272.

    1.4 Requirements contained in 16 CFR Part 1512, Requirements for Bicycles, apply to eBikes. Verification of compliance with 16 CFR Part 1512 is outside the scope of this Outline.

    1.5 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) outlined under 49 CFR, Chapter V, apply to electric scooters and electric motorcycles. Compliance with these FMVSS documents is outside the scope of this Outline.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
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    • Outline Title Page
    • Table of Contents
      • Body
        • INTRODUCTION
          • 1 Scope
          • 2 Components
          • 3 Units of Measurement
          • 4 Undated References
          • 5 Glossary
        • CONSTRUCTION
          • 6 General
          • 7 Connection to Supply Source
            • 7.1 General
            • 7.2 Off board chargers
            • 7.3 On board chargers
          • 8 Personnel Protection Systems
          • 9 Bonding of the Vehicle
            • 9.1 General
            • 9.2 Bonding connections
          • 10 Double Insulation
          • 11 Safety Circuits and Safety Analysis
          • 12 Enclosures
          • 13 Materials
            • 13.1 Nonmetallic materials
            • 13.2 Metallic materials
          • 14 Flammability
          • 15 Spacings and Separation of Circuits
          • 16 Printed Wiring Boards
          • 17 Internal Wiring and Terminals
          • 18 Transformers
            • 18.1 General
            • 18.2 Coil insulation
          • 19 Fuses
          • 20 Capacitors
          • 21 Strength of Enclosures
          • 22 Sharp Edges
          • 23 Battery Packs
          • 24 Operator Interface
          • 25 Motors and Motor Controllers
          • 26 Mounting
        • PERFORMANCE
          • 27 General
          • 28 Input Test
          • 29 Leakage Current
          • 30 Capacitor Discharge Test
          • 31 Temperature Test
          • 32 Dielectric Strength Test
          • 33 Isolation Resistance Test
          • 34 Humidity Conditioning
          • 35 Abnormal Operations Tests
            • 35.1 General
            • 35.2 Transformer burnout test
            • 35.3 Transformer overload test
            • 35.4 Flanged bobbin transformer abnormal test
            • 35.5 Capacitor faults
            • 35.6 Electrolytic capacitor faults
            • 35.7 Component fault tests
            • 35.8 Forced ventilation/blocked ventilation
          • 36 Vibration Test
          • 37 Impact Test
          • 38 Environmental Tests
            • 38.1 Water exposure test
            • 38.2 Thermal cycling
          • 39 Motor Assistance Control - Pedalec
          • 40 Startup Assistance Mode Test
          • 41 Maximum Assistance Speed
          • 42 Mold Stress
          • 43 Permanence of Marking
        • MARKINGS
          • 44 General
          • 45 Nameplate and Identification
          • 46 Cautionary Markings
        • INSTRUCTIONS
          • 47 General
          • 48 Instructions Pertaining to Risk of Fire, Electric Shock, or Injury To Persons
          • 49 Installation Instructions
          • 50 Operating Instructions
          • 51 User Maintenance Instructions
          • 52 Moving and Storage Instructions