1.1 This Standard applies to single-polarity, hand-, or tool-applied splicing wire and cable connectors intended for use with all alloys of copper, aluminum conductors, or copper-clad aluminum conductors, or all three, in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code Part I, C22.1, in Canada, the National Electrical Code, NFPA-70, in the United States of America, or the Standard for Electrical Installations, NOM-001-SEDE, in Mexico, as follows:
Note: Copper-clad aluminum conductors are for use only in the United States in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70.
a) Connectors intended to hold two or more conductor(s);
b) Connectors intended for use in appliances and equipment that comply with the requirements for such appliances and equipment;
c) Connectors intended for use with 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) or smaller conductors;
d) Uninsulated connectors that are used in circuits rated 8 000 V and less; and
e) Connectors intended for use in air-handling spaces.; and
f) Exothermically welded wire connectors
Note: Examples of splicing wire connectors include twist-on connectors, insulation-piercing or displacement connectors, spring-action connectors, tool-applied crimp, mechanical set-screw connectors, etc.
1.2 This Standard is intended for splicing wire connectors suitable for use with conductors in the size ranges as follows:
1) 12 AWG (3.3 mm2) and 10 AWG (5.3 mm2) solid;
2) 12 AWG (3.3 mm2) to 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) stranded, Class B concentric, compressed, and compact; and
3) 12 AWG (3.3 mm2) to 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) stranded single input wire (SIW).
In Mexico, the use of aluminum conductors is permitted only with thermoset insulation and for sizes of 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) and higher.
b) Copper-clad aluminum:
1) In Canada, this construction is not allowed.
2) In Mexico, this construction is not allowed.
3) In the United States:
i) 12 AWG (3.3 mm2) and 10 AWG (5.3 mm2) solid; and
ii) 12 AWG (3.3 mm2) to 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) stranded, Class B concentric, compressed, and Class C concentric.
1) 30 AWG (0.05 mm2) to 10 AWG (5.3 mm2) solid; and
2) 30 AWG (0.05 mm2) to 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) stranded, Class B concentric and compressed, and Class C concentric.
d) Compact-stranded copper conductors:
In Canada and Mexico, for 8 AWG (8.4 mm2) and 6 AWG (13.3 mm2).
In the United States this is not applicable.
e) Rigid (solid and stranded) metric wire falling within the ranges of the above AWG sizes.
Note: For example, a connector rated for 6 AWG (13.3 mm2) – 14 AWG (2.1 mm2) may be additionally rated for 10 – 2.5 mm2.
f) Other class and strand configurations as indicated by marking.
1.3 These requirements cover splicing wire connectors intended for:
c) Copper-clad aluminum-to-copper-clad aluminum;
d) Copper-to-aluminum or copper-clad aluminum and aluminum-to-copper-clad aluminum conductor combinations intended for intermixing of conductors and dry locations only; or
e) All of the above.
1.4 This Standard is intended for splicing wire connectors suitable for currents not exceeding the ampacity of insulated conductors rated 75 °C or 90 °C, in accordance with the rating of the connector.
1.5 For products intended for use in Canada, general requirements are given in CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 0.
1.6 This Standard does not apply to:
a) Insulated splicing wire connectors intended for use at voltage levels in excess of 2 000;
b) Terminal wire connectors;
c) Wire binding screw terminals;
d) Built-in terminal connectors on devices rated less than 30 A and intended for outlet box mounting or having provision for stress relief;
e) Built-in terminal connectors on devices having integral cable clamps;
f) Flat quick connect terminals; and
g) Soldering lugs.